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Diagnosing and treating Foraminal Narrowing is our area of expertise.
Foraminal narrowing, or foraminal stenosis, is a condition of the spine that can cause pain and other symptoms resulting from spinal nerve root compression. At every level of the spine, a pair of nerve roots runs through the spinal column via small openings called foramina (singular: foramen). When narrowing, or stenosis, occurs in the foramina, the space available for the nerve roots to pass is reduced. While narrowing of the foraminal canals does not necessarily elicit symptoms, if a nerve root is irritated or compressed, it can cause pain that radiates along the length of the nerve, as well as tingling, numbness or weakness within the muscle group innervated by the affected nerve.
Causes of foraminal narrowing
Most cases of foraminal stenosis are related to gradual anatomical deterioration that is associated with the aging process. The vertebrae, intervertebral discs, and other spinal components break down after years of wear and tear, especially within the cervical (neck) and lumbar (lower back) regions of the spine. Usually, this anatomical degeneration affects one side of a vertebral segment, producing unilateral foraminal narrowing. Sometimes, degeneration affects both sides of a vertebral segment, and this is known as bilateral foraminal stenosis. Conditions that can produce stenosis within the foraminal canals include:
- Bulging disc — a portion of the outer disc wall can protrude into foraminal space.
- Herniated disc — extruded disc nucleus material breaks through a tear in the disc’s outer wall and leaks into the foraminal opening.
- Bone spurs — osteophytes resulting from arthritis of the spine can grow along the edges of the foramina, constricting available space.
- Spondylolisthesis — slippage of one vertebra over another can reduce foraminal space significantly.
- Spinal injury — a fracture or compression injury can displace the vertebrae, thereby reducing the space available for nerve roots to branch off the spinal cord.
- Degenerative disc disease — deterioration of an intervertebral disc can reduce the disc’s height, shrinking the foraminal space available for nerve roots to pass.
Treatment for foraminal narrowing
An attempt to manage symptoms associated with foraminal narrowing typically begins with exercise, pain medication and/or corticosteroid injections. If symptoms persist after several weeks of conservative treatment, contact Laser Spine Orlando to determine whether a minimally invasive, outpatient procedure is known as a foraminotomy may be able to help you find relief from neck or back pain.
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Laser Spine Orlando has helped me become pain free! Their staff is so knowledgeable and friendly, they really made me feel at home. Thank you Laser Spine Orlando for all the help!
– John S
I submitted my information and was called immediately. I was seen by a Board Certified Neurosurgeon within 24 hours. The entire staff is fantastic!
– Joseph R.
Why Choose Laser Spine Orlando
Laser Spine Orlando believes in a comprehensive approach to spine pain care. Each patient is treated as an individual with personalized treatment and therapy to achieve their personal goals.
30,000 Successful Surgeries
To put it simply…a lot. Our surgeons have performed over 15,000 successful spine procedures. Each one is board certified and extremely skilled in fighting neck and back pain. We are the leaders in Laser Spine Surgery.
Minimally Invasive Procedures
The best choice for patients suffering from neck and back pain. This form of minimally invasive surgery provides an alternative to regular surgical procedures when other treatment methods have not produced the desired results. Laser techniques offer faster recovery times with fewer complications.
Pain Free Living
That’s why we are here. We have a duty to the patient to do everything we can to eliminate neck and back pain. Our newest location in Orlando is equipped to handle the most complex cases. Our surgeons are highly specialized and focused on eliminating chronic pain and getting patients back to a pain free life.